God’s covenant with Israel — yet awaiting final fulfilment!

“‭This‭ ‭is‭ the covenant‭ that‭ I will make‭‭ with‭ them‭ after‭ those‭ days‭, saith‭‭ the Lord‭, I will put‭‭ my‭ laws‭ into‭ their‭ hearts‭, and‭ in‭ their‭ minds‭ will I write‭‭ them‭;‭ ‭and‭ their‭ sins‭ and‭ iniquities‭‭ will I remember‭‭ no‭ more‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Hebrews 10:16-17.

The Lord has a special relationship with the nation of Israel. So often hated by the nations of men, they are beloved of God! He has said of them: “‭For thou ‭art‭ an holy‭ people‭ unto the LORD‭ thy God‭: the LORD‭ thy God‭ hath chosen‭‭ thee to be a special‭ people‭ unto himself, above all people‭ that ‭are‭ upon the face‭ of the earth‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Deuteronomy 7:6. The word ‘special’ is elsewhere translated by the phrase ‘peculiar treasure, jewel’. We stand in awe of this nation’s relationship with the Lord, despite all their sin and rebellion!

The verses which form our text, are among the final references in the Bible to the Covenant that God has made with Israel and which yet awaits final fulfilment.

I must emphasise that the LORD HAS NOT ABANDONED ISRAEL AND UTTERLY GIVEN THEM UP! That is something that Paul the apostle made ABSOLUTELY plain.

“‭I say‭‭ then‭,‭ Hath‭‭ God‭ cast away‭‭ his‭ people‭? God forbid‭‭‭. For‭ I‭ also‭ am‭‭ an Israelite‭, of‭ the seed‭ of Abraham‭, ‭of‭ the tribe‭ of Benjamin‭.‭ ‭God‭ hath‭‭ not‭ cast away‭‭ his‭ people‭ which‭ he foreknew‭‭.‭ Wot (know) ye‭‭ not‭ what‭ the scripture‭ saith‭‭ of‭ Elias‭? how‭ he maketh intercession‭‭ to God‭ against‭ Israel‭, saying‭‭,‭ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬Lord‭, they have killed‭‭ thy‭ prophets‭, and‭ digged down‭‭ thine‭ altars‭; and I‭ am left‭‭ alone‭, and‭ they seek‭‭ my‭ life‭.‭ ‭But‭ what‭ saith‭‭ the answer of God‭ unto him‭? I have reserved‭‭ to myself‭ seven thousand‭ men‭, who‭ have‭‭ not‭ bowed‭‭ the knee‭ to ‭the image of‭ Baal‭.‭ ‭Even so‭ then‭ at‭ this present‭ time‭ also‭ there is‭‭ a remnant‭ according‭ to the election‭ of grace‭,‭”‭‭Romans 11:1-5.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Many times, even in the periods of Israel’s deepest apostasy and departure from God, He reiterated the terms of the Covenant and sought to encourage and comfort those who were under His judgment for their sins. Just on Friday past, I read these words in my daily reading. “‭Again the word‭ of the LORD‭ came unto me, saying‭‭,‭ ‭Thus saith‭‭ the LORD‭, the God‭ of Israel‭; Like these good‭ figs‭, so will I acknowledge‭‭ them that are carried away captive‭ of Judah‭, whom I have sent‭‭ out of this place‭ into the land‭ of the Chaldeans‭ for ‭their‭ good‭.‭ ‭For I will set‭‭ mine eyes‭ upon them for good‭, and I will bring them again‭‭ to this land‭: and I will build‭‭ them, and not pull ‭them‭ down‭‭; and I will plant‭‭ them, and not pluck ‭them‭ up‭‭.‭ ‭And I will give‭‭ them an heart‭ to know‭‭ me, that I ‭am‭ the LORD‭: and they shall be my people‭, and I will be their God‭: for they shall return‭‭ unto me with their whole heart‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Jeremiah 24:4-7.

The day before reading those words, I read these verses, and they are what suggested this study to me:

“‭Woe‭ be unto the pastors‭‭ that destroy‭‭ and scatter‭‭ the sheep‭ of my pasture‭! saith‭ the LORD‭.‭ ‭Therefore thus saith‭‭ the LORD‭ God‭ of Israel‭ against the pastors‭‭ that feed‭‭ my people‭; Ye have scattered‭‭ my flock‭, and driven them away‭‭, and have not visited‭‭ them: behold, I will visit‭‭ upon you the evil‭ of your doings‭, saith‭ the LORD‭.‭ ‭And I will gather‭‭ the remnant‭ of my flock‭ out of all countries‭ whither I have driven‭‭ them, and will bring them again‭‭ to their folds‭; and they shall be fruitful‭‭ and increase‭‭.‭ ‭And I will set up‭‭ shepherds‭‭ over them which shall feed‭‭ them: and they shall fear‭‭ no more, nor be dismayed‭‭, neither shall they be lacking‭‭, saith‭ the LORD‭.‭ ‭Behold, the days‭ come‭‭, saith‭ the LORD‭, that I will raise‭‭ unto David‭ a righteous‭ Branch‭, and a King‭ shall reign‭‭ and prosper‭‭, and shall execute‭‭ judgment‭ and justice‭ in the earth‭.‭ ‭In his days‭ Judah‭ shall be saved‭‭, and Israel‭ shall dwell‭‭ safely‭: and this ‭is‭ his name‭ whereby he shall be called‭‭, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS‭.‭ ‭Therefore, behold, the days‭ come‭‭, saith‭ the LORD‭, that they shall no more say‭‭, The LORD‭ liveth‭, which brought up‭‭ the children‭ of Israel‭ out of the land‭ of Egypt‭;‭ ‭But, The LORD‭ liveth‭, which brought up‭‭ and which led‭‭ the seed‭ of the house‭ of Israel‭ out of the north‭ country‭, and from all countries‭ whither I had driven‭‭ them; and they shall dwell‭‭ in their own land‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Jeremiah 23:1-8.


1. I am referring to the fact that whenever the Lord reiterated the ‘terms’ of the Covenant to His people via His prophets, there was an application of it to the seventy years of the Babylonian dominance of Judah and the taking into captivity of many of that kingdom (circa. BC 605-BC 537). But it will be seen by a careful study of the words God uses in His repeated assurances, that there is a future application also. Further down that chapter 23, in the verse 20, we read. “‭The anger‭ of the LORD‭ shall not return‭‭, until he have executed‭‭, and till he have performed‭‭ the thoughts‭ of his heart‭: in the latter‭ days‭ ye shall consider‭‭ it perfectly‭.‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ So, it is here made plain that the “‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭thoughts‭ of his (God’s) heart‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬” will not see a final fulfilment until a time “‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭in the latter‭ days‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬”. The word “consider” means “understand”. It is in the latter days that the Jewish people will ‘understand perfectly’ what it is the Lord has planned and been executing over the centuries for His ancient people. That truth is repeated in chapter 30, verse 24. “‭The fierce‭ anger‭ of the LORD‭ shall not return‭‭, until he have done‭‭ ‭it‭, and until he have performed‭‭ the intents‭ of his heart‭: in the latter‭ days‭ ye shall consider‭‭ it.‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

This reiteration cannot be dismissed and its implications ignored!

The term “latter days” appears also in the book of Hosea. There the prophet said, “‭For the children‭ of Israel‭ shall abide‭‭ many‭ days‭ without a king‭, and without a prince‭, and without a sacrifice‭, and without an image‭, and without an ephod‭, and ‭without‭ teraphim‭:‭ ‭afterward‭ shall the children‭ of Israel‭ return‭‭, and seek‭‭ the LORD‭ their God‭, and David‭ their king‭; and shall fear‭‭ the LORD‭ and his goodness‭ in the latter‭ days‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Hosea 3:4-5.

There is an ‘afterwards’ for Israel in the purpose of God!

2. However, there are other terms and phrases that indicate a future application of God’s promises to the Jewish people. Jacob, on his deathbed, was very conscious that the Lord had a future purpose for his offspring, the nation of Israel. “‭And Jacob‭ called‭‭ unto his sons‭, and said‭‭, Gather yourselves together‭‭, that I may tell‭‭ you ‭that‭ which shall befall‭‭ you in the last‭ days‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Genesis 49:1. His expectation is born of God’s promise and God would have Jacob’s descendants share in their forefather’s hope.

In the song of Moses, (Deuteronomy 31:19-30), there is again a mention of the ‘latter days’. “‭For I know‭‭ that after‭ my death‭ ye will utterly‭‭ corrupt‭‭ ‭yourselves‭, and turn aside‭‭ from the way‭ which I have commanded‭‭ you; and evil‭ will befall‭‭ you in the latter‭ days‭; because ye will do‭‭ evil‭ in the sight‭ of the LORD‭, to provoke him to anger‭‭ through the work‭ of your hands‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ verse 29. The events of the ‘latter days’ with the forsaking of God that the Jewish people will be sadly guilty of, were known to this generation of the Jews also.

The future tribulation of Israel as well as her blessing is very clearly stated in Holy Scripture. “‭And these ‭are‭ the words‭ that the LORD‭ spake‭‭ concerning Israel‭ and concerning Judah‭.‭ ‭For thus saith‭‭ the LORD‭; We have heard‭‭ a voice‭ of trembling‭, of fear‭, and not of peace‭.‭ ‭Ask‭‭ ye now, and see‭‭ whether a man‭ doth travail with child‭‭? wherefore do I see‭‭ every man‭ with his hands‭ on his loins‭, as a woman in travail‭‭, and all faces‭ are turned‭‭ into paleness‭?‭ ‭Alas‭! for that day‭ ‭is‭ great‭, so that‭ none ‭is‭ like it: it ‭is‭ even the time‭ of Jacob’s‭ trouble‭; but he shall be saved‭‭ out of it.‭ ‭For it shall come to pass in that day‭, saith‭ the LORD‭ of hosts‭, ‭that‭ I will break‭‭ his yoke‭ from off thy neck‭, and will burst‭‭ thy bonds‭, and strangers‭‭ shall no more serve‭‭ themselves of him:‭ ‭But they shall serve‭‭ the LORD‭ their God‭, and David‭ their king‭, whom I will raise up‭‭ unto them.‭ ‭Therefore fear‭‭ thou not, O my servant‭ Jacob‭, saith‭ the LORD‭; neither be dismayed‭‭, O Israel‭: for, lo, I will save‭‭ thee from afar‭, and thy seed‭ from the land‭ of their captivity‭; and Jacob‭ shall return‭‭, and shall be in rest‭‭, and be quiet‭‭, and none shall make ‭him‭ afraid‭‭.‭ ‭For I ‭am‭ with thee, saith‭ the LORD‭, to save‭‭ thee: though I make‭‭ a full end‭ of all nations‭ whither I have scattered‭‭ thee, yet will I not make‭‭ a full end‭ of thee: but I will correct‭‭ thee in measure‭, and will not leave thee altogether‭‭ unpunished‭‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Jeremiah 30:4-11.

Please note the words: “ . . . and Jacob shall return, and shall be in rest, and be quiet, and none shall make him afraid.” Yes, Jacob returned from the Babylonian captivity to his own land but he did not enjoy ‘rest and quiet’! The books of Ezra and Nehemiah make that very plain. And it has been even more so since the rejection of the Lord Jesus and their Messiah by them.

3. Today, it cannot be truthfully said that Israel has rest and quietness within her borders. Indeed it is the very opposite! But the rest and quiet God promised will come about in the ‘latter days’! Again, Israel most certainly does not “serve the LORD their God” as is here prophesied! That lies in the future. The Lord never pronounced His judgment against erring Israel without also reiterating His wonderful promise of a future retribution of their enemies and a restoration of them to their own land, given to them long ago as a heritage.

Here is just one example of this wonderful restating of His purpose for His people.

After declaring the fate that will befall them for their sin: “‭And this whole land‭ shall be a desolation‭, ‭and‭ an astonishment‭; and these nations‭ shall serve‭‭ the king‭ of Babylon‭ seventy‭ years‭‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬, the Lord then states this most gracious assurance of a future deliverance, which I believe we have yet to see fully accomplished. “‭And I will bring‭‭ upon that land‭ all my words‭ which I have pronounced‭‭ against it, ‭even‭ all that is written‭‭ in this book‭, which Jeremiah‭ hath prophesied‭‭ against all the nations‭.‭ ‭For many‭ nations‭ and great‭ kings‭ shall serve‭‭ themselves of them also: and I will recompense‭‭ them according to their deeds‭, and according to the works‭ of their own hands‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Jeremiah 25:12-14.


1. Here is how Ezekiel states the matter. “‭For I will take‭‭ you from among‭ the heathen‭, and gather‭‭ you out of all countries‭, and will bring‭‭ you into your own land‭.‭ ‭Then will I sprinkle‭‭ clean‭ water‭ upon you, and ye shall be clean‭‭: from all your filthiness‭, and from all your idols‭, will I cleanse‭‭ you.‭ ‭A new‭ heart‭ also will I give‭‭ you, and a new‭ spirit‭ will I put‭‭ within‭ you: and I will take away‭‭ the stony‭ heart‭ out of your flesh‭, and I will give‭‭ you an heart‭ of flesh‭.‭ ‭And I will put‭‭ my spirit‭ within‭ you, and cause‭‭ you to walk‭‭ in my statutes‭, and ye shall keep‭‭ my judgments‭, and do‭‭ ‭them‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Ezekiel 36:24-27.

The ‘gathering’ of the scattered Jews out of many countries will ‘then’ be followed by a spiritual conversion, stated here in the symbolic language of washing and cleansing. This is then followed by the literal terminology of spiritual regeneration. “‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭A new‭ heart‭ also will I give‭‭ you, and a new‭ spirit‭ will I put‭‭ within‭ you: and I will take away‭‭ the stony‭ heart‭ out of your flesh‭, and I will give‭‭ you an heart‭ of flesh‭.‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬”

Resulting from this regeneration is holiness of life amongst those so converted. “And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.”

2. Today, we have seen the first stage of this prophecy take place most literally indeed. In 1948, the state of Israel came into existence for the first time since AD 70 when the Romans destroyed the nation and sold its people into slavery. This is a clear fulfilment of the many prophecies regarding this event. A remnant of world-wide Jewry has indeed been re-gathered to the ancient land of Israel.

3. Since that has LITERALLY been the case, I see no reason why we may not expect the second half of the prophecy to also be literally fulfiled! Certainly, the apostle Paul expected it to be so! “‭Now‭ if‭ the fall‭ of them‭ ‭be‭ the riches‭ of the world‭, and‭ the diminishing‭ of them‭ the riches‭ of the Gentiles‭; how‭ much more‭ their‭ fulness‭?‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ . . . ‭For‭ if‭ the casting away‭ of them‭ ‭be‭ the reconciling‭ of the world‭, what‭ ‭shall‭ the receiving‭ ‭of them be‭, but‭ life‭ from‭ the dead‭?‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ . . . ‭And‭ they‭ also‭, if‭‭ they abide‭‭ not‭ still in unbelief‭, shall be graffed in‭‭: for‭ God‭ is‭‭ able‭ to graff‭‭ them‭ in‭‭ again‭.‭ ‭For‭ if‭ thou‭ wert cut‭‭ out of‭ the olive tree which is wild‭ by‭ nature‭, and‭ wert graffed‭‭ contrary to‭ nature‭ into‭ a good olive tree‭: how much‭ more‭ shall these‭, which be the natural‭‭ ‭branches‭, be graffed into‭‭ their own‭ olive tree‭?‭ ‭For‭ I would‭‭ not‭, brethren‭, that ye‭ should be ignorant‭‭ of this‭ mystery‭, lest‭ ye should be‭‭ wise‭ in‭ your own conceits‭; that‭ blindness‭ in‭ part‭ is happened‭‭ to Israel‭, until‭‭ the fulness‭ of the Gentiles‭ be come in‭‭.‭ ‭And‭ so‭ all‭ Israel‭ shall be saved‭‭: as‭ it is written‭‭, There shall come‭‭ out of‭ Sion‭ the Deliverer‭‭, and‭ shall turn away‭‭ ungodliness‭ from‭ Jacob‭:‭ ‭For‭ this‭ ‭is‭ my‭‭ covenant‭ unto them‭, when‭ I shall take away‭‭ their‭ sins‭.‭ ‭As concerning‭‭ the gospel‭, ‭they are‭ enemies‭ for your sakes‭‭: but‭ as touching‭ the election‭, ‭they are‭ beloved‭ for‭‭ the fathers‭’ sakes‭.‭ ‭For‭ the gifts‭ and‭ calling‭ of God‭ ‭are‭ without repentance‭.‭ ‭For‭ as‭‭ ye‭ in times past‭ have not believed‭‭ God‭, yet‭ have‭‭ now‭ obtained mercy‭‭ through‭ their unbelief‭:‭ ‭Even so‭ have‭‭ these‭ also‭ now‭ not believed‭‭, that‭ through your‭ mercy‭ they‭ also‭ may obtain mercy‭‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Romans 11:12, 15, 23-31.

Zechariah deals with the spiritual conversion of Israel in this manner.

“‭And I will pour‭‭ upon the house‭ of David‭, and upon the inhabitants‭‭ of Jerusalem‭, the spirit‭ of grace‭ and of supplications‭: and they shall look‭‭ upon me whom they have pierced‭‭, and they shall mourn‭ for him, as one mourneth‭‭ for ‭his‭ only‭ ‭son‭, and shall be in bitterness‭‭ for him, as one that is in bitterness‭‭ for ‭his‭ firstborn‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Zechariah 12:10. The precise time that this will happen is given us in chapter 13:1 and 14:1-4.

“‭In that day‭ there shall be a fountain‭ opened‭‭ to the house‭ of David‭ and to the inhabitants‭‭ of Jerusalem‭ for sin‭ and for uncleanness‭.‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

“‭Behold, the day‭ of the LORD‭ cometh‭‭, and thy spoil‭ shall be divided‭‭ in the midst‭ of thee.‭ ‭For I will gather‭‭ all nations‭ against Jerusalem‭ to battle‭; and the city‭ shall be taken‭‭, and the houses‭ rifled‭‭, and the women‭ ravished‭‭‭‭‭; and half‭ of the city‭ shall go forth‭‭ into captivity‭, and the residue‭ of the people‭ shall not be cut off‭‭ from the city‭.‭ ‭Then shall the LORD‭ go forth‭‭, and fight‭‭ against those nations‭, as when‭ he fought‭‭ in the day‭ of battle‭.‭ ‭And his feet‭ shall stand‭‭ in that day‭ upon the mount‭ of Olives‭, which ‭is‭ before‭ Jerusalem‭ on the east‭, and the mount‭ of Olives‭ shall cleave‭‭ in the midst‭ thereof toward the east‭ and toward the west‭, ‭and there shall be‭ a very‭ great‭ valley‭; and half‭ of the mountain‭ shall remove‭‭ toward the north‭, and half‭ of it toward the south‭.‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

Jeremiah states the matter so plainly in words from which our text is a quotation by Paul.

“‭Behold, the days‭ come‭‭, saith‭ the LORD‭, that I will make‭‭ a new‭ covenant‭ with the house‭ of Israel‭, and with the house‭ of Judah‭:‭ ‭Not according to the covenant‭ that I made‭‭ with their fathers‭ in the day‭ ‭that‭ I took‭‭ them by the hand‭ to bring them out‭‭ of the land‭ of Egypt‭; which my covenant‭ they brake‭‭, although I was an husband‭‭ unto them, saith‭ the LORD‭:‭ ‭But this ‭shall be‭ the covenant‭ that I will make‭‭ with the house‭ of Israel‭; After‭ those days‭, saith‭ the LORD‭, I will put‭‭ my law‭ in their inward parts‭, and write‭‭ it in their hearts‭; and will be their God‭, and they shall be my people‭.‭ ‭And they shall teach‭‭ no more every man‭ his neighbour‭, and every man‭ his brother‭, saying‭‭, Know‭‭ the LORD‭: for they shall all know‭‭ me, from the least‭ of them unto the greatest‭ of them, saith‭ the LORD‭: for I will forgive‭‭ their iniquity‭, and I will remember‭‭ their sin‭ no more,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Jeremiah 31:31-34.

4. Following the conversion of Israel at the return of Christ, there will be a final regathering of ALL the exiled Jews who will be still living amongst the Gentile nations. “And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth,” Isaiah 11:11-12.

The Lord will use the Gentile nations, which before had been the persecutors of Israel, to now be the couriers used to aid them in their return. “‭And they shall bring‭‭ all your brethren‭ ‭for‭ an offering‭ unto the LORD‭ out of all nations‭ upon horses‭, and in chariots‭, and in litters‭, and upon mules‭, and upon swift beasts‭, to my holy‭ mountain‭ Jerusalem‭, saith‭‭ the LORD‭, as the children‭ of Israel‭ bring‭‭ an offering‭ in a clean‭ vessel‭ into the house‭ of the LORD‭.‭ ‭And I will also take‭‭ of them for priests‭ ‭and‭ for Levites‭, saith‭‭ the LORD‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Isaiah 66:20-21.


1. I know that the re-instituting of the Mosaic sacrifices and worship are objected to by many Christians. In so doing, they defy the plain word of God! “‭And it shall come to pass, ‭that‭ every one that is left‭‭ of all the nations‭ which came‭‭ against Jerusalem‭ shall even go up‭‭ from‭ year‭ to year‭ to worship‭‭ the King‭, the LORD‭ of hosts‭, and to keep‭‭ the feast‭ of tabernacles‭.‭ ‭And it shall be, ‭that‭ whoso will not come up‭‭ of ‭all‭ the families‭ of the earth‭ unto Jerusalem‭ to worship‭‭ the King‭, the LORD‭ of hosts‭, even upon them shall be no rain‭.‭ ‭And if the family‭ of Egypt‭ go not up‭‭, and come‭‭ not, that ‭have‭ no ‭rain‭; there shall be the plague‭, wherewith the LORD‭ will smite‭‭ the heathen‭ that come not up‭‭ to keep‭‭ the feast‭ of tabernacles‭.‭ ‭This shall be the punishment‭ of Egypt‭, and the punishment‭ of all nations‭ that come not up‭‭ to keep‭‭ the feast‭ of tabernacles‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Zechariah 14:16-19.

Here are three references to the ‘‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭the feast‭ of tabernacles‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬’. “A threefold‭‭ cord‭ is not quickly‭ broken‬‬‬‬,” Ecclesiastes 4:12‭‭‭‭‭‭.‬‬‬‬‬‬ Now, there are those who would tell us that the Lord does not mean what He says here. Then will follow a large number of suggestions and suppositions as to what men think the Lord meant by these words. To me, the ‘Lord says what He means and means what He says’!

2. In the days of the Saviour’s Millennial Reign, He will reign from Jerusalem. “‭And the LORD‭ shall be king‭ over all the earth‭: in that day‭ shall there be one‭ LORD‭, and his name‭ one‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Zechariah 14:9. His court on earth will be at Jerusalem. “‭And it shall come to pass in the last‭ days‭, ‭that‭ the mountain‭ of the LORD’S‭ house‭ shall be established‭‭ in the top‭ of the mountains‭, and shall be exalted‭‭ above the hills‭; and all nations‭ shall flow‭‭ unto it.‭ ‭And many‭ people‭ shall go‭‭ and say‭‭, Come‭‭ ye, and let us go up‭‭ to the mountain‭ of the LORD‭, to the house‭ of the God‭ of Jacob‭; and he will teach‭‭ us of his ways‭, and we will walk‭‭ in his paths‭: for out of Zion‭ shall go forth‭‭ the law‭, and the word‭ of the LORD‭ from Jerusalem‭,‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬ Isaiah 2:2-3.

As it was, to a very small measure in times past, so it will be in a glorious manner in the days of the Saviour’s reign on the earth. What was established in weakness and imperfection under the Levitical tribe and their high priests will be ordered in perfection under the Saviour in future days.

3. In the days of Christ’s reign, the Jewish people will be chief amongst the nations. This was something the Lord promised to Israel subject to their obedience of His Law. But because they utterly failed to be faithful and obedient, they never saw such a blessing as was set forth in Deuteronomy 28:1-13. But they will in that future time when the Lord fulfils His COVENANT in all respects.

Here is what was promised to Israel of old but which, because of their sin, they never attained to.

“‭And it shall come to pass, if thou shalt hearken‭‭ diligently‭‭ unto the voice‭ of the LORD‭ thy God‭, to observe‭‭ ‭and‭ to do‭‭ all his commandments‭ which I command‭‭ thee this day‭, that the LORD‭ thy God‭ will set‭‭ thee on high‭ above all nations‭ of the earth‭:‭ ‭and all these blessings‭ shall come‭‭ on thee, and overtake‭‭ thee, if thou shalt hearken‭‭ unto the voice‭ of the LORD‭ thy God‭.‭ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭‭Blessed‭‭ ‭shalt‭ thou ‭be‭ in the city‭, and blessed‭‭ ‭shalt‭ thou ‭be‭ in the field‭.‭ ‭Blessed‭‭ ‭shall be‭ the fruit‭ of thy body‭, and the fruit‭ of thy ground‭, and the fruit‭ of thy cattle‭, the increase‭ of thy kine‭, and the flocks‭ of thy sheep‭.‭ ‭Blessed‭‭ ‭shall be‭ thy basket‭ and thy store‭.‭ ‭Blessed‭‭ ‭shalt‭ thou ‭be‭ when thou comest in‭‭, and blessed‭‭ ‭shalt‭ thou ‭be‭ when thou goest out‭‭.‭ ‭The LORD‭ shall cause‭‭ thine enemies‭‭ that rise up‭‭ against thee to be smitten‭‭ before thy face‭: they shall come out‭‭ against thee one‭ way‭, and flee‭‭ before‭ thee seven‭ ways‭.‭ ‭The LORD‭ shall command‭‭ the blessing‭ upon thee in thy storehouses‭, and in all that thou settest‭ thine hand‭ unto; and he shall bless‭‭ thee in the land‭ which the LORD‭ thy God‭ giveth‭‭ thee.‭ ‭The LORD‭ shall establish‭‭ thee an holy‭ people‭ unto himself, as he hath sworn‭‭ unto thee, if thou shalt keep‭‭ the commandments‭ of the LORD‭ thy God‭, and walk‭‭ in his ways‭.‭ ‭And all people‭ of the earth‭ shall see‭‭ that thou art called‭‭ by the name‭ of the LORD‭; and they shall be afraid‭‭ of thee.‭ ‭And the LORD‭ shall make thee plenteous‭‭ in goods‭, in the fruit‭ of thy body‭, and in the fruit‭ of thy cattle‭, and in the fruit‭ of thy ground‭, in the land‭ which the LORD‭ sware‭‭ unto thy fathers‭ to give‭‭ thee.‭ ‭The LORD‭ shall open‭‭ unto thee his good‭ treasure‭, the heaven‭ to give‭‭ the rain‭ unto thy land‭ in his season‭, and to bless‭‭ all the work‭ of thine hand‭: and thou shalt lend‭‭ unto many‭ nations‭, and thou shalt not borrow‭‭.‭ ‭And the LORD‭ shall make‭‭ thee the head‭, and not the tail‭; and thou shalt be above only‭, and thou shalt not be beneath‭; if that thou hearken‭‭ unto the commandments‭ of the LORD‭ thy God‭, which I command‭‭ thee this day‭, to observe‭‭ and to do‭‭ ‭them‭.‭”‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬

That which the Lord purposed for Israel but which they forfeited by their rebellion, He will bestow upon them in the day spoken of in our text.

Oh, Christian think on these things and rejoice!

Rev Ivan Foster (Rtd)
Saturday 29th July 2023